Characterization, preparation, and reuse of metallic powders for laser powder bed fusion: a review

  • Laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) has attracted significant attention in both the industry and academic fields since its inception, providing unprecedented advantages to fabricate complex-shaped metallic components. The printing quality and performance of L-PBF alloys are influenced by numerous variables consisting of feedstock powders, manufacturing process, and post-treatment. As the starting materials, metallic powders play a critical role in influencing the fabrication cost, printing consistency, and properties. Given their deterministic roles, the present review aims to retrospect the recent progress on metallic powders for L-PBF including characterization, preparation, and reuse. The powder characterization mainly serves for printing consistency while powder preparation and reuse are introduced to reduce the fabrication costs. Various powder characterization and preparation methods are presented in the beginning by analyzing the measurement principles, advantages, and limitations. Subsequently, the effect of powder reuse on the powder characteristics and mechanical performance of L-PBF parts is analyzed, focusing on steels, nickel-based superalloys, titanium and titanium alloys, and aluminum alloys. The evolution trends of powders and L-PBF parts vary depending on specific alloy systems, which makes the proposal of a unified reuse protocol infeasible. Finally, perspectives are presented to cater to the increased applications of L-PBF technologies for future investigations. The present state-of-the-art work can pave the way for the broad industrial applications of L-PBF by enhancing printing consistency and reducing the total costs from the perspective of powders.
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Xiaoyu Sun, Minan Chen, Tingting Liu, Kai Zhang, Huiliang Wei, Zhiguang Zhu, Wenhe Liao. Characterization, preparation, and reuse of metallic powders for laser powder bed fusion: a review[J]. International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, 2024, 6(1): 012003. DOI: 10.1088/2631-7990/acfbc3
Xiaoyu Sun, Minan Chen, Tingting Liu, Kai Zhang, Huiliang Wei, Zhiguang Zhu, Wenhe Liao. Characterization, preparation, and reuse of metallic powders for laser powder bed fusion: a review[J]. International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, 2024, 6(1): 012003. DOI: 10.1088/2631-7990/acfbc3

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